The application of some essential oils on the hair can contribute to the treatment of problems such as dandruff. Although this condition is relatively harmless, it often causes bothersome symptoms such as itching, irritation, and scaling. Because of this, those who suffer from it prefer to seek treatment.
Of course, there is currently a wide range of products that allow you to control this condition and its respective discomforts. From shampoos and medicines to products of natural origin, such as oils. Are you interested in knowing more about it?
Dandruff: what it is and what are its main symptoms
As stated in a review article published in the International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research , dandruff is a condition that is prevalent in up to 50% of the human population.
Specifically, it is flaking that occurs on the scalp and whose main cause is usually the presence of the Malassezia furfur fungus . Its main symptoms include the following:
- Yellow or white scales (noticeable in the hair and even on the shoulders).
- Excessive itching on the scalp.
- Irritation and redness.
However, in addition to the microorganism mentioned, this condition can be caused by excessive dryness of the skin, poor hygiene or skin diseases such as dermatitis . Fortunately, right now there are many treatments available that favor its control. In this case, we reveal the most effective essential oils.
Essential Oils for Dandruff
The effectiveness of essential oils to combat dandruff has been the subject of study. Thus, a review shared in the International Journal of Cosmetic Science determined that some varieties such as bergamot oil, garlic oil, tea tree oil, and thyme oil can help alleviate dandruff.
Likewise, other studies have found interesting effects in varieties such as peppermint oil or citronella oil . Let’s see in detail what their properties are and how they can be applied.
1. Bergamot oil
Bergamot essential oil (Citrus bergamia) is characterized by its content of bioactive molecules that contribute to good health. According to a study published in Frontiers in Pharmacology , it has antimicrobial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties.
Therefore, its application in dermatological problems such as dandruff is beneficial. Regular use reduces flaking and promotes relief from irritation.
How to use? Simple! Add 5 drops of bergamot essential oil to a tablespoon of shampoo. Then, apply it to damp hair with gentle massages and rinse.
2. Garlic essential oil
In traditional medicine, essential oil of garlic (Allium sativum L) has been considered an anti-dandruff agent. According to research in Phytotherapy , the compounds in this ingredient have shown the ability to inhibit the growth of the Malassezia fungus .
In this case, it is enough to apply a few drops of garlic essential oil on the scalp. Ideally, combine it with a carrier oil, such as olive or almond oil. After 10 minutes you can rinse.
3. Tea tree essential oil
Undoubtedly, one of the most used essential oils to combat dandruff is tea tree. Research reported in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology determined that this ingredient has antifungal properties that fight the yeast Pityrosporum ovale ( Malassezia ).
For its part, via Clinical Microbiology Reviews it was reported that a shampoo with 5% tea tree essential oil reduced itching, oiliness and lesions associated with dandruff.
Thus, the product can be applied in combination with regular use shampoo, or through shampoos formulated with this oil. Some even mix 5 or 6 drops with a carrier oil and massage it in.
4. Thyme essential oil
For years, thyme essential oil has been used in complementary medicine as an antimicrobial agent . This, added to its anti-inflammatory action, helps in the treatment of dandruff symptoms.
Its use is similar to that of other essential oils. Simply mix it with a carrier oil to massage into a dandruff-prone scalp. If you prefer, you can add a few drops to your regular shampoo.
5. Peppermint essential oil
One of the favorite oils to combat dandruff is peppermint oil. The reason? Refreshes the scalp and helps soothe itching and irritation. In addition, due to its astringent effect, it reduces excess sebum and flaking.
To use it as a remedy, combine 5 to 6 drops of the essential oil with your regular shampoo. Then use it as usual. Repeat your application until you notice an improvement.
6. Citronella oil
A shampoo formulated with citronella oil helps control the growth of the Malassezia furfur fungus. This was determined by a study shared through the Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health , which also suggests its use as an anti-dandruff treatment .
Recommendations for the use of essential oils against dandruff
More studies are required to confirm the effectiveness of essential oils in the treatment of dandruff. Despite this, they are considered a safe option to combat this skin condition.
However, it is advisable to do a sensitivity test before. To do this, a small amount of the product is applied to a circumscribed area of the skin. If after 12 hours there are no signs of irritation, the rest can be applied without problems.
Of course, it is convenient to consult with the dermatologist before choosing these oils as a therapeutic option against dandruff. The professional can determine if they should be complemented with other traditional treatments, such as medicated shampoos .
What is there to remember about these dandruff remedies?
The use of some essential oils can be positive when it comes to fighting dandruff. Due to their antifungal and antimicrobial action, they help stop the growth of the fungus associated with this disease. In fact, they serve to soothe discomforts such as itching and irritation.
In any case, it is advisable to consult with the dermatologist to assess the severity of this condition and determine if other treatments are necessary. Although not usually serious, dandruff is uncomfortable and can lead to self-esteem issues. Fortunately, there are many options to control it.